Following the conviction of an adult or the adjudication of a juvenile, many cases are referred to the Probation Department for a report and recommendation prior to sentencing. The Probation Officer's investigation consists of a thorough review of all available information, interviews with concerned parties, and a careful evaluation of all relevant circumstances.
Recommendations in Juvenile Court range from release to parents (Home Supervision - Probation), fines, incarceration in Juvenile Hall, removal from parental custody for placement in foster or boarding home care, or a commitment to the Division of Juvenile Justice. Juvenile recommendations also center around a grant of probation or informal handling with a plan to be effective in rehabilitation.
Adult sentencing recommendations are primarily concerned with the granting or denying of probation and issues of the length and place of incarceration. Offenders who are unsuitable for probation but who have serious narcotic problems or a mental disorder are identified for special handling by the prison system. In both juvenile and adult investigations, the Probation Department makes recommendations for the specific conditions of Probation required in each individual case. Whenever possible, it is recommended that the court order the offender to make restitution to his/her victim.